Waste to Wealth- A Novel Approach for Food Waste Management
The Internet of Things (IoT) is a concept in which surrounding objects are connected through wired and wireless networks without user intervention. In the field of IoT, the objects communicate and exchange information to provide advanced intelligent services for users. Owing to the recent advances in mobile devices equipped with various sensors and communication modules, together with communication network technologies such as Wi-Fi and LTE, the IoT has gained considerable academic interests. The term Internet of Things was introduced by Kevin Ashton, who was the director of the Auto-ID Center of MIT in 1999. The initial technical realization of IoT was achieved by utilizing RFID technology for the identification and tracking of devices and storing device information. https://codeshoppy.com/android-projects-titles-ieee.html However, IoT utilizing RFID technology was limited to object tracking and extracting information of specific objects. The current IoT performs sensing, actuating, data gathering, storing, and processing by connecting physical or virtual devices to the Internet.
For IoT applications performing these functions, a variety of researches on IoT services including environmental monitoring , object tracking , traffic management , health care, and smart home technology are being conducted. Owing to the characteristics and merits of IoT services, waste management has also become a significant issue in academia, industry, and government as major IoT application fields. An indiscriminate and illegal discharge of waste, an absence of waste disposal and management systems, and inefficient waste management policies have caused serious environmental problems and have incurred considerable costs for waste disposal. To handle these problems, various researches into waste management based on IoT technology have been conducted, from studies on RFID technology to studies on waste management platforms and systems. This paper proposes an IoT-based smart garbage system composed of a number of smart garbage bins (SGWC), routers, and servers. Each SGB, which plays a role in collecting food waste, is Sensor based.The Sensor senses the overflow indication of wasted food and the information is sent to display device , so that we can able to understand the amount of food wasted and we can reduce. The aim is to create the awareness on food wastage. The Wasted food is fertilized using Food Waste Disposal Machine. The FWDM used for the purpose of recycling food waste to make fertilizer at planting. In this paper, we used the power supply circuit and timer circuit and while we use mechanical part for several type of motor. The mechanical parts for several type of motor is motorcycle starter motor (Honda EX5) and power window motor. Some components also needed to complete this project are relay, limit switch, IR sensor (transmitter and receiver), ON/OFF switch, push button START and STOP. Use of various motor and conveyer are intended to make this machine works step by step in smoothly and safety to use. It aims to facilitate consumers in handling this machine. Selection of a garbage disposal unit should be based on quality and performance. Motors are relatively trouble-free, and unlikely to fail during a reasonable life-span. Metal parts in contact with waste and water (turntable, lugs, chamber, shredding ring) are very prone to corrosion, and last much longer if made of stainless steel or similar corrosion-resistant material rather than non-stainless steel, even if galvanized. The length of manufacturers’ warranties gives some indication of quality, but units should last much longer than their warranty period. The size of the chamber and power of the motor (in horsepower or watts) determine the amount of waste processed per unit time. Soundproofing to reduce the noise of operation adds cost. Induction and commutator motors each have advantages and disadvantages. Feed can be continuous or batched. Some manufacturers use standard mountings for all their models, making it very easy to replace a unit by any model of the same brand. Many standard disposal units allow a dishwasher to be connected, and some more expensive dishwashers are equipped with a small built-in garbage disposal unit, making it unnecessary to scrape plates before washing them. Disposers used in conjunction with septic systems will add to the load of the system, and may cause more frequent septic pumping, or overflow of sewage. For septic system users special disposers are available that feature an enzyme-adding system claimed to aid in degradation of food waste while in the septic system.
This project work is the implementation of smart IOT based garbage management system using IR sensor, microcontroller and Wi-Fi module. This system assures the cleaning of dustbins soon when the garbage level reaches its maximum. If the dustbin is not cleaned in specific time, then the record is sent to the higher authority who can take appropriate action against the concerned contractor. This reduces the total number of trips of garbage collection vehicle and hence reduces the overall expenditure associated with the garbage collection. It ultimately helps to keep cleanliness in the society. Therefore, the smart garbage management system makes the garbage collection more efficient. Such systems are vulnerable to plundering of components in the system in different ways which needs to be worked on. The display system used to create the awareness about the food waste to the people. The recycling process is used to convert the wasted food to make fertilizer at planting.